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An advantage of quot;fly by wirequot; aircraft control systems is that they eliminate the need for cockpit crews to make decisions. true b. false…

An advantage of quot;fly by wirequot; aircraft control systems is that they eliminate the need for cockpit crews to make decisions. true b. false…. An advantage of “fly by wire” aircraft control systems is that they eliminate the need for cockpit crews to make decisions.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ2. The term telegraphy refers to the electronic communication of information over long distances.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ3. The term horsepower, when it was coined by James Watt, referred to:ÿÿÿa. The amount of work a horse could do in one day, working one acre of landÿÿÿb. The amount of work a brewery horse could do (33,000 foot-pounds per minute)ÿÿÿc. The amount of work a horse could do while pulling a one ton loadÿÿÿd. Watt was using the term metaphorically, it did not refer to any specific activity carried out by horsesQ4. Up until recent times, the possession of good drawing skills was considered an important competency that capable engineers should possess.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ5. Engineering is primarily concerned with design and development, while science is concerned with understanding.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ6. The principle of the steam engine was first demonstrated by the English inventor, Thomas Newcomen, in the early 18th century.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ7. Boeing’s experience with the 777 showed that there are big advantages to starting development work behind competitors (in this case, behind development work on the MD-11).ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ8. Which of the following types of engineers is most likely to play a lead role in defining processes employed when refining crude oil into gasoline?ÿÿÿa. Chemical engineerÿÿÿb. Mechanical engineerÿÿÿc. Electrical engineerÿÿÿd. Aeronautical engineerQ9. An important factor holding up the commercial success and wide spread use of fax machines was tied to:ÿÿÿa. government regulationsÿÿÿb. difficulties in overcoming technological barriersÿÿÿc. lack of financial backingÿÿÿd. the lack of standardsQ10. The engineering discipline of soil mechanics was stimulated, in part,ÿÿÿa. by attempts to employ dirt ramps in the building of the Egyptian pyramidsÿÿÿb. by engineering developments in materials scienceÿÿÿc. by attempts to reduce soil erosion during the Dust Bowl era of the Great Depressionÿÿÿd. by attempts to deal with landslide problems in the building of the Panama CanalQ11. Experience in building complex systems, such as aircraft or bridges, suggests that once final drawings have been agreed upon, change orders should be denied.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ12. Up through the 1830s, a major constraint in building steamships to cross the Atlantic was:ÿÿÿa. the lack of capacity in the ships to carry enough coal to fuel the steam enginesÿÿÿb. the lack of power of the steam engines to work against the strong ocean currents in the Atlantic Oceanÿÿÿc. the lack of investment capital to finance the building of steam shipsÿÿÿd. the absence of international agreements governing the use of steamships over international watersQ13. When was facsimile technology first demonstrated?ÿÿÿa. In the middle of the 19th centuryÿÿÿb. During World War Iÿÿÿc. During World War IIÿÿÿd. In the 1960sQ14. Beginning in the 1960s, Japan surged ahead of the US in developing and commercializing fax technology. Thomas Edison foresaw this development in the 19th century, because:ÿÿÿa. Japanese companies saw value in fax technology, because it lent itself to transmitting Japanese kanji charactersÿÿÿb. The Japanese had always dominated research in the area of fax technologyÿÿÿc. The US government restricted development of fax technology because of anti-trust concernsÿÿÿd. US publishers, who could take advantage of fax technology, never saw its valueQ15. In the aircraft industry, a firm commitment to move ahead with detailed design development requires:ÿÿÿa. government approval of the conceptual designÿÿÿÿb. successful test flights of prototypesÿÿÿÿc.ÿtechnology advances by competitorsÿÿÿÿd. a customer committed to buying a certain number of new airplanesÿQ16. One reason Japanese manufacturers focused more attention than American manufacturers on perfecting fax technology is that they found it to be a good way to transmit Kanji pictographic characters.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ17. The failures of the first commercial aircraft – the Comet – were tied to metal fatigue caused by going through flight cycles where the airplane skin was subject to cycles of pressurization and depressurization.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ18. In the aircraft industry, the principal way for aircraft manufacturers to launch a new aircraft is to build the aircraft, demonstrate their effectiveness and then get commitments from customers to buy them.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ19. Which of the following types of engineers is most likely to work on configuring the circuitry of a power plant?ÿÿÿa. Chemical engineerÿÿÿb. Mechanical engineerÿÿÿc. Electrical engineerÿÿÿd. Aeronautical engineerQ20. All engineering design efforts require:ÿÿÿa. the establishment of failure criteriaÿÿÿb. the employment of mathematical modelingÿÿÿc. that work efforts be carried out by Professional Engineers (PEs)ÿÿÿd. the use of computer-aided design (CAD) toolsQ21. A crucial step in the development of the steam engine was understanding the power of a vacuum created in cylinders fitted with pistons.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ22. It is generally acknowledged that VHS technology became the dominant videotape technology because it provided superior results to Sony’s Beta technology.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ23. One of the most significant innovations associated with the development of the Boeing 777 is:ÿÿÿa. use of fly-by-wire technologyÿÿÿb. the heavy involvement of customers in providing input during the conceptual design stageÿÿÿc. internal combustion enginesÿÿÿd. cost-benefit analysisQ24. One of the great civil engineering contributions to improving public health dramatically was:ÿÿÿa. improving the speed with which hospitals can be builtÿÿÿb. developing systems to handle waste waterÿÿÿc. building roads that facilitate reaching distressed communitiesÿÿÿd. improving roadways in urban areasQ25. To most engineers, form and function are equally important.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ26. When we talk about inputs going into a system, leading to outputs, the system is treated as:ÿÿÿa. an open systemÿÿÿb. a closed systemÿÿÿc. a dynamic systemÿÿÿd. a black boxQ27. Engineering is a practical discipline. Its application can extend beyond technology. This is illustrated by the fact that an engineer used engineering principles to revolutionize:ÿÿÿa. Management by objectivesÿÿÿb. Investment bankingÿÿÿc. Self-directed work teamsÿÿÿd. Parliamentary proceduresQ28. Women first began patenting inventions in the USA at the outset of the twentieth century.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ29. George Washington Gale Ferris’s design of the first Ferris wheel was based on a thorough understanding of scientific principles.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ30. In cybernetics, negative feedback refers to the situation where:ÿÿÿa. corrective action is taken to reduce the amount of an errorÿÿÿb. the performance of a system is subject to criticism by peersÿÿÿc. it is necessary to experience the amplification of a signalÿÿÿd. magnetic pulses that have a negative chargeQ31. It took a revolution to get an agreement signed that would enable the Americans to begin work on the Panama Canal.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ32. Engineering advances often require an understanding of underlying scientific principles. For example, why pencil tips break can be explained by understanding the principle of:ÿÿÿa. the laws of thermodynamicsÿÿÿb. chemical bondingÿÿÿc. the cantilever beamÿÿÿd. the keystoneƒ??s support of an archQ33. The building of the Panama Canal provides a good example of how major projects can be carried out quickly once an economic need is identified.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ34. Studies show that engineering students retain knowledge best when engineering courses offer:ÿÿÿa. insights into the most advanced aspects of designÿÿÿÿb. war stories describing the real world of engineeringÿÿÿÿc. insights into the scientific roots of engineering practiceÿÿÿÿd. descriptions of the key tools available for engineering problem-solvingÿQ35. To a large extent, the progress of engineering has been based on attempts to remedy engineering failures.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ36. Much of the engineering efforts in the early years of radio technology focused on overcoming the broadcasting feature of radio transmission, which enabled anyone with a receiver to acquire the radio message.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ37. The majority of computer engineering activity focuses on developing application software.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ38. Drawings are an important component of patents.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ39. To develop advanced engineering capabilities, most of the great engineers studied engineering at the doctoral level.ÿÿÿa. trueÿÿÿb. falseQ40. We often think of basic scientific knowledge ultimately finding practical applications, but there are cases where a purely technological development led ultimately to scientific understanding. For example, the attempt to increase the operating efficiency of early steam engines led to the creation of:ÿÿÿa. Boyleƒ??s Lawÿÿÿb. The laws of thermodynamicsÿÿÿc. internal combustion enginesÿÿÿd. cost-benefit analysis

An advantage of quot;fly by wirequot; aircraft control systems is that they eliminate the need for cockpit crews to make decisions. true b. false…

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